of Chess defines an Endgame Study
as "a composed position where the play shows a forced win or
draw in a unique manner." Golembek writes, "at it's highest
level the study is an art form where strict canons of originality,
variety, harmony and beauty may apply."
The Oxford Companion to Chess by Hooper and Whyld suggests
that "study composition reached a high level during the great
days of Islamic chess in the 9th and 10th centuries" and "lay
almost neglected until the 19th century."
Studies differ from chess problems in that
they are more closely related to positions that could arise
over-the-board and the solution does not require a pre-determined
number of moves. Compared to positions that could arise in actual
play, the study is usually more subtle and every unit should
be essential to the solution. As Beasley and Whitworth write
in Endgame Magic, "a study has the
cultivated intensity of a short story." The World Chess Federation,
FIDE, now recognizes skill in study composing by awarding GM,
IM, and FM titles for study composition.
The aim in each position is to achieve a win
or a draw, and, unless it is otherwise noted, it is always White
to move. ChessCafe.com is pleased
to present a weekly endgame study for your enjoyment. All endgame
studies are available for download in the