of Chess defines an Endgame Study
as "a composed position where the play shows a forced win or
draw in a unique manner." Golembek writes, "at its highest level
the study is an art form where strict canons of originality,
variety, harmony and beauty may apply."
The Oxford Companion to Chess by Hooper and Whyld suggests
that "study composition reached a high level during the great
days of Islamic chess in the 9th and 10th centuries" and "lay
almost neglected until the 19th century."
Studies differ from chess problems in that
they are more closely related to positions that could arise
over-the-board and the solution does not require a pre-determined
number of moves. Compared to positions that could arise in actual
play, the study is usually more subtle and every unit should
be essential to the solution. As Beasley and Whitworth write
in Endgame Magic, "a study has the
cultivated intensity of a short story." The World Chess Federation,
FIDE, now recognizes skill in study composing by awarding GM,
IM, and FM titles for study composition.
The aim in each position is to achieve a win
or a draw, and, unless it is otherwise noted, it is always White
to move. ChessCafe.com is pleased
to present a weekly endgame study for your enjoyment. All endgame
studies are available for download in the
Endgame Study #913
[FEN "B7/2pp4/8/PP2p3/K7/8/5k1b/8 w -
- 0 1"]
White to Play
of the featured endgame studies can be found in the fourth edition
of Harold van der Heijden's
endgame study database. With 76,132 entries, it is the most
comprehensive collection of endgame studies available.
If you are interested in endgame studies,
look into the endgame study magazine EG.
The complete PDF archives of
EG Volumes 1-152 are available online, as is the complete
British Endgame Study News.
1.a6 Bf4! 2.b6 cxb6
3.Kb5! [3.a7? b5+] 3...e4 4.a7
e3 5.Bh1! e2 6.a8Q e1Q 7.Qf3+ Kg1 8.Qg2# 1-0 The
composer does not seem to have taken 6...e1Q into account,
though it is still a win for White.
A PDF file of
this week's endgame study, along with all previous endgame
studies, is available in the
Comment on this week's Endgame Study via
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